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Dec
22

World Trade Organization Agreement On Government Procurement (Wto-Agp)

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The Review Body on Bid Challenges is an organization set up by party states that allows suppliers to challenge irregular government tenders. [5] These bodies are independent and strive to deal with each case quickly. The review body is also empowered to recommend rapid interim measures, which can be recommended within days, when an evaluation body finds a first-application case for an auction challenge. [6] Recognising the need for an effective multilateral framework for public procurement to increase the liberalization and extension of international trade governance and to improve the framework for the implementation of international trade; In the tendering file, the contracting entity is required to provide all necessary information regarding the contracting concerned in order to allow potential suppliers to submit potential bids that can be answered, including information that must be published in tender notices and other important information, such as. B economic and technical requirements, financial guarantees and contracting criteria and procedural information, such as The deadline for receiving offers (Article XII). In addition, the WTO secretariat has implemented technical cooperation measures to help developing and least developed countries participate effectively in the WTO`s procurement work. Governments often have to acquire goods and services with public funds and for public purposes to carry out their missions. These purchases are generally referred to as public/public procurement. The GPA is a multi-lateral agreement within the WTO framework, which means that not all WTO members are parties to the agreement. Currently, the agreement consists of 20 parties, with 48 WTO members. Thirty-six WTO members/observers participate in the GPA committee as observers.

Of these, 12 members are in the process of joining the agreement. Considering the importance of implementing transparent measures on public procurement, transparency and impartiality of procurement and the prevention of conflicts of interest and corruption, in accordance with existing international instruments, such as the United Nations Convention against Corruption, As a result, the first Tokyo Round Code on Government Procurement was signed in 1979 and came into force in 1981. It was amended in 1987 and the amendment came into force in 1988. The parties to the agreement then negotiated the extension of the scope and scope of the agreement, in parallel with the Uruguay Round. Finally, on 15 April 1994, a new public procurement agreement (GPA 1994) was signed in Marrakech at the same time as the WTO agreement, which came into force on 1 January 1996. The agreement contains a number of detailed procedural obligations that the awarding entities must fulfil in order to ensure the effective application of their basic principles (Articles VII to XVI). In many respects, these provisions codify recognized good procurement practices, which aim at efficiency and cost-effectiveness. Under the GPA, they are also used to ensure open access to covered markets and to ensure that domestic and foreign deliveries and suppliers compete for public procurement. The rules of procedure governing the presentation, receipt and opening of bids are intended to ensure fairness, fairness and transparency in the contracting process (Article XIII:1-3). All offers sought by agencies in open and selective proceedings are received and opened in the context of procedures and conditions guaranteeing the regularity of openings.

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