German Agreement Terms

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(d) the German Government supports the issue of maritime armament limitation, the system that divides naval vessels into categories, sets maximum tonnage and/or armament for ships in each category and allocates tonnage to each power per class of vessels. As a result, the German government is prepared to apply the 35% in principle and subject (f) below. the tonnage of each category of vessels to be expected and any change in that report, in a given category or category, to the provisions that may be achieved under a future general sea vessel limitation contract, these provisions based on the principle that any increase in one category would be offset by a corresponding reduction in the other category. If no general maritime restriction treaty is concluded or if the future general treaty does not contain a provision that creates a category restriction, the German government has the right to vary the 35 per cent. The relationship between one or more categories will be established by mutual agreement between the German government and Her Majesty`s Government in the United Kingdom, taking into account the maritime situation that existed at the time. On May 22, 1935, the British cabinet voted to officially resurrect Hitler`s offer on 21 May. [36] Sir Eric Phipps, the United Kingdom`s ambassador to Berlin, advised London that “due to French short-sightedness” no chance of a maritime agreement with Germany be lost. [36] Chatfield informed the firm that it was very unwise to “refuse [Hitler`s] offer, but the Reactions of the French towards them are more uncertain and their reaction to our own battleship replacement even more so.” [36] When the Navy began planning a war with the United Kingdom in May 1938, the Senior Naval Officer, Commander Hellmuth Heye, concluded the best strategy for the Navy as a fleet of submarine cruisers, light cruisers and armoured vessels used in tandem. [50] He criticized the existing construction priorities dictated by the agreement, as there was no realistic possibility of a German “balanced fleet” defeating the Royal Navy. [50] In response, senior German naval officers began to commit to a transition to a cross-war fleet that adopted a trajectory guerrilla strategy to attack the British merchant navy, but they were rejected by Hitler, who insisted on Germany`s prestige to build a “balanced fleet”. Such a fleet would attempt a Mahanian strategy of gaining maritime dominance through a decisive battle with the Royal Navy in the North Sea. [51] Historians such as Joseph Maiolo, Geoffrey Till and the authors of the Navy Official History agree with Chatfield`s assertion that a cross-war fleet offers Germany the best chance of undermining the power of the United Kingdom and that the United Kingdom profited strategically by ensuring that such a fleet was not built in the 1930s. [52] In response to Poland`s British “guarantee” of 31 March 1939, Hitler, furious at the UK`s approach, said: “I will brew it a drink from the devil.” [68] In a speech in Wilhelmshaven on the launch of the battleship Tirpitz, Hitler threatened to denounce the agreement if the Uk sticks to its “encirclement policy”, as represented by the “guarantee” of Poland`s independence.

[68] On April 28, 1939, Hitler condemned the AGNA. [68] In order to provide an apology for their termination and to prevent the emergence of a new maritime contract, the Germans refused to disclose information about their shipbuilding and left the UK with the choice to accept or reject the German unilateral approach, which gave the Germans the excuse to denounce the treaty. [69] The Helgoland-Zansibar Treaty (German: Helgoland-Zanibar Treaty, also known as the Anglo-German Agreement of 1890) was an agreement signed on 1 July 1890 between the German Empire and Great Britain.

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